Most of this is in my book.
I cannot accept that simply having a bunch of atoms where electrons are on one side of each is enough to make a North Pole and South Pole.† For me, there must be an actual difference spread across the magnet.
Ford Circles (pg. 57; Euclidís Axioms on Calculus, picture):† If we picture this information for different isotopes and numbers of electrons going from one side to another, a magnet is kind of like a lop-sided granola bar (exaggerated a little):
The shapes hold pretty close together initially so we can maximize the number of thoughts.† (pg. 31, How Cells learn, top)What I didnít illustrate is that there are electrons in between the shapes.† More electrons fit around bigger shapes, making higher isotopes with different charge on one side.† These objects are bigger and rarer while on the opposite side they are smaller and more common, so that the mass of the magnet stays constant across it. (p. 18, All filled, picture)
Magnets form when there are two objects that can interact and one has different density(s), like in the paragraph above.† (p.20-21, magnets, pictures) When magnets only touch they cannot exchange particles except immediately on the edge.
Those atoms that are magnetic have orbitals that allow for electrons to reach through matter and get held there, pulling them together.† Wood for example, is made of pieces that canít mix with each other.† Copper is in an s-orbital not sticking out.† Iron, Cobalt and Nickel have d-orbitals that are outstretched.
If we call the left side of the above diagram N and the right side S, N and S will fit together well.† However N and N or S and S will have a lot of space between them, so matter will seep in and repel them.
If you cut a magnet it is less energy for it to form two magnets than to repel, and the mass across doesnít change in the transition making it so you donít feel it.† Magnets beget magnets; no monopoles.
Magnets are very heavy compared to their surroundings.† Small particles donít react much to gravity so that there has to be an attraction for them to connect.† However if the distance is close enough they will start to attract, gravity in the mix as it will be.
The rule of how close they are the more they attract is similar to charge; the radius is all that matters when they attract or repel.† There is also a gravitational effect: †mass and velocity (or momentum) counteracts the smallness of intervening particles.† (p. 25, Cells, diagrams, and p. 21, magnets, text)
If you take the masses of the elementary particles, they alternate charge in the order of mass with only two exceptions.† One may be a missing particle and the other may just be that the two shapes (which have very close mass) fill in together nicely between particles or are at a division between two different effects.
Magnetization:† When there are two heavy substances connecting of different heaviness they form into a magnet with rarer heavier stuff on one side and more likely lighter stuff on the other side.† They can magnetize other objects like mentioned above with iron, cobalt and nickel and their d-orbitals.
Charges adding and subtracting: This is just linear.
Magnets and electricity moving with each other: This is just gravity.
Magnets through a table:
A S/N magnet is on each side of a table.† Less energy is when South goes one way and North the other way.† It is like gravitons/probes (p. 76, Gravitons and Gravitational Waves, text and p. 42, Tissues, #1).† Part of the shape is fluid; it wonders around and it is easier to wander through the table because the table has more mass to gravitationally interact.† When you want to pull magnets apart, through a table or not, force must be applied and as it brakes it goes back to two magnets because then it doesnít have to repel.